#1 2022-04-29 11:20:28

henrietta
Member
Registered: 2022-04-28
Posts: 4

Swan

Males have an orange yellow beak and distinctive eye ring to make them stand out.The most notable feature of the bird is its beautiful mellifluous song.As the name implies, its song is remarkable and is becoming sorely missed.Depending on the size and make up of your garden, it is increasingly common for Great Spotted Woodpeckers to occasionally make an appearance.They are not the most brave birds and the norm is that you will hear them, either their call or their rather distinctive drumming at the beginning of the mating season.Even though you will only catch the occasional glimpse they are well worth keeping an eye open for.Magpies are a frequent visitor to gardens, unfortunately often scaring away smaller birds.They may arrive in rather large flocks or you might get a breeding pair.The plumage is remarkable, mainly black-and-white from a distance with a long tail but up close, and many are confident enough to allow you to approach, they tend to sparkle.Their stubby little wings allow them to manoeuvre energetically near to the ground.One of the most popular birds is the diminutive Wren.It is remarkably common given how infrequently it is seen.They are generally shy birds and being so small and drab coloured they are easily missed.Like the Woodpecker they are seen rather than heard.In Great Britain we are blessed with a remarkable range of birds that are likely to drop into our gardens.Feeding the birds helps them to survive harsh winters and enables you to see a wonderful variety of species in your own garden.But you must be careful to offer the right food and in the right way, otherwise you could kill or injure wild birds rather than help them.Heres the three things you shouldnt do if you want to take care of the birds.These balls of fat usually feature seeds and insects and so provide a highly nutritious meal for many species.The birds love them too! But you should never present suet fat balls in the netting in which they are often supplied.The netting looks convenient to hang.However, it can end up trapping birds feet or beaks.This can lead to injury or even death.Fat balls are best removed from any nets and placed in a bespoke feeder or left loose on bird tables for the birds to feast on.But human food can be problematic for birds.Certainly, cooking fat from the roast including your Christmas turkey, is potentially dangerous.The fat mixes with meat juices during cooking and forms a runny, sticky material.This may then stick to feathers and stop them from remaining waterproof.In addition, this gloopy material is often loaded with salt, which is toxic to birds.Other foods to be avoided include desiccated coconut as this may swell once inside a bird and cause death.Cooked porridge oats or milk should not be provided as these foods may damage a birds gut.Uneaten food will eventually turn mouldy.Some types of mould are relatively harmless but others are dangerous and could lead to respiratory infections in birds.If you find food that has been lying around for so long that it has turned mouldy, you are probably putting out too much for the birds to eat.Try moderating your portions and keep an eye on what happens! You should always remove any stale food quickly as bacteria will soon start to breed and parasites will be attracted to the rotting material.Move any feeding stations to a new area every month to prevent the droppings accumulating beneath them.A few simple measures will ensure that you help the birds rather than injure or poison them.The visitors to your garden may be depending on you for their health and survival and it is easy to make a big difference to their lives.Scientists have been researching why the birds have evolved so quickly and whether the phenomenon is confined to Britain.Th genetic differences between birds from the two countries were explored.It transpired that there were changes in the gene sequences of British birds relating to face shape.Researchers found that birds with genetic variants for longer beaks were more frequent visitors to feeders than birds without the genetic variation.The birds with longer beaks were discovered to be more successful breeders than the other birds in the UK but this was not the case in the Netherlands.The scientists are, therefore, certain that British birds have evolved longer beaks due to the prevalence of garden in this country.This doesnt sound like a huge difference but even a small advantage could improve a birds chances of survival.If birds with longer beaks have a greater rate of survival it is these birds which live long enough to breed and pass on their genes.Although the recent research involved studying only great tits it is likely that other species have experienced similar changes.Farmland birds which have suffered habitat loss are increasingly looking for food in urban gardens during the winter months.The increase in beak length is the result of genetic changes caused by natural selection.The findings mirror those of Charles Darwin whose studied finches and proposed that that they evolved physical traits which helped them to adapt to different environments in the wild.The research was carried out by scientists from the Universities of Oxford, Sheffield and East Anglia in conjunction with experts from the Netherlands.Householders in the UK spend around twice as much on feeders and bird food than people in mainland Europe and have been doing so for many years.It isnt yet possible to prove that feeders are behind the increase in beak length but feeders are the likely explanation.You are probably aware of some of these birds but do you know much about them and what they stand for? Its interesting to learn about these impressive creatures and their significance to the British people.Swans are a protected species here in the UK, all unmarked swans technically belong to the queen and should not be touched.They are probably one of the most recognisable birds in the UK.Swans are graceful, elegant creatures that can be found all across the UK in marshes, sheltered coasts, shallow lakes and slow rivers.Although swans appear quite relaxed and calm, if their young are threatened they can be extremely aggressive.There are three types of swan in the UK, the Mute Swan, the Berwicks Swan and the Whooper swan.

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